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Cognitive Processes

Learning is a science in itself. What is the best and most effective way to learn something? Are there special methods? To find out, let's start with a few theoretical things. It is important to understand how the brain, and therefore our memory, works.


Cognitive processes are perception, memory and learning. We are therefore talking about the processes in our brain.

Information intake (perception)

The acquisition of information is the first stage of the cognitive processes. The point is that information must first be absorbed before it can be processed. It is important to know that we are asensory memoryto have. In this sensory impressions are processed within milliseconds after they have happened. A very important and crucial point here is that these in the so-calledShort-term storage / RAM have to pass. The actual cognitive processes or processing are located here. 

There are different ways in which information can be recorded. These include: 

passive(accidental, unintentional)

Information processing (perception, thinking)

When processing information, it should be noted that the stimulus is now in theshort-term storagelocated. As the name suggests, the stimulus is stored and processed for a short time. So it finds onebrain activityinstead of. This is important because information is linked in our brain. Inner images or codes are created. 


Our short-term memory gets the information that the building we are looking at was built in 1902. The information is rewritten and at the end it is saved that the building is "old". This is an encoding of the information.

Information storage (learning, memory)

When storing information, the information, i.e. our knowledge, plays an important role. Learning can produce changes in behavior and is based on experience. The serves for thislong-term storage. This stores the information permanently and can link it to other stored information. Despite everything, information can fade. 

Our brain structure changes during the processes. That is why information should always be repeatedto repeat, so that this structure persists and adapts. 

You can think of the structure as a map that changes. The information learned adapts and your structure in the brain becomes larger and sharper when repeated again. 

5. Phase model according to Kübler - Ross

Many know the model as "death model". It describes the phases of dying. Many researchers have dealt with it and tried to classify dying into phases. But why do we want to take a closer look at the model? 

We take the 5th phases and relate them to learning. Let's take a closer look: 

1. Not - admit  - want

For the first time it has to be said that one must realize that one should become active oneself. Everyone knows the problem, , when we postpone tasks such as learning. We can't believe that the exam, for example, is in two days.

2. Anger

Who doesn't know it? Being angry with yourself because you ask yourself the question, "Why haven't I studied enough? Nevertheless, don't forget that anger and annoyance are motivational drivers. So you should take your anger and turn it into motivation. Use your anger as energy.

3. Negotiate

What do we mean by this point? Distractions, excuses... Sometimes we try to give ourselves other chores like doing the housework instead of studying or doing productive things. Stop negotiating with yourself and use the time wisely. 

4. Depression

Here we address the issue of grief. We often think that everything is hopeless and that we can no longer do it all. It evokes panic and fear in us. Despite everything, we should allow this for the first time and take a moment. After that, don't sink into grief, but fight against it.

5. Acceptance

Accept your situation and motivate yourself to learn. Don't drown in sorrow anymore. Anyone can learn and achieve their goals. Sometimes it's just a question of thinking and doing. Put the focus on your task.. 

Tips and Tricks

At the end there are a few small tips and tricks that can help you. But you should still get something related to the topic if you want to build on this and improve and change your learning behavior. 

That's our biggest tip. Deal with the topic and your own personality. 

  • Learning online, the information can now be found everywhere on our World Wide Web

  • Use mnemonics and memory aids 

  • Prepare and clean your workplace. Put away things that can distract you

  • Put in small pauses, because our memory has to process the information we have learned

  • Try to learn with all your senses. So you can address both hemispheres of the brain 

  • Try learning terms with flashcards or apps. Let yourself be queried if necessary

  • Present the knowledge you have learned to someone. So you can be sure that third parties will understand

  • Keep your memory fit with memory training. There are many ways in which you can best implement this

  • Start doing some sport, because if you are physically fit, you stay mentally fitter 

Bergige Landschaft am Meer

So you can think faster!

You don't think this will work? Have you even tried it? Why not give it a try and improve your ability to think. Gain access to the hidden potential of your brain. Let us know what you think.

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